如果你在加州有房子, 打算出租, 自己管理租賃, 社區大學或是坊間都有租賃管理相關的課程可以上; 而地產經紀如果想主攻租賃市場, 也有租賃管理認證課程可以上. 屋主管理自己的房子出租, 不需要執照, 如果是替別人管理, 則需要有Real Estate Broker’s license (如果你只有Real Estate Salesperson license, 你必須working under a broker).
“A broker’s license is required for any person or company that, for compensation, leases or rents or offers to lease or rent, or places for rent, or solicits listings of places for rent, or solicits for prospective tenants, or negotiates the sale, purchase or exchanges of leases on real property, or collects rents from real property, or improvements thereon. California requires property managers to have or work under someone who holds a real estate broker’s license. The only exception to this law is for property owners who manage their own buildings.”
租賃管理包括 – 出租, 收租, 房屋維護及維修. 在加州, 租賃管理是受到法律嚴格控管, 與租賃管理有直接或間接關聯的法律, 出現在十五處不同的加州法律條款, 而且租賃管理業和其他行業一樣, 都受到商業法的保護和限制, 包括工作場合的安全, 性騷擾, 歧視, 保險和稅務.
最常見的租賃管理的收費計算方式是以每月房租的百分比. 例如, 一棟屋況良好, 位在好社區的獨棟屋, 管理費大概是房租的6%-10% (i.e., $3,500/month rent at 8% would equate to $280 monthly fee for the property manager). A multi-family property with deferred maintenance in a tougher neighborhood would probably be in the 8%-12% range.
華人為了省管理費, 多半選擇自己管理, 不過我建議屋主去上幾堂租賃管理的課程, 讓自己對加州法律有基本了解, 才不會為了省管理費而吃上官司, 因為有很多做法在你的國家可能沒問題, 但是在美國會是很大的問題. 如果你的房客比你清楚加州的租賃管理法律, 你會讓自己身處危險的灰色地帶.
另外, 管理費所替你省下的時間和精力, 外加稅務上的抵扣, 有可能是值得的, 這一篇IS HIRING A PROPERTY MANAGER WORTH THE COST? 讓你參考.
The Property Management Certification (PMC) Program是給有執照的地產人員上的一個認證課程, 整套課程有七堂課, 但是你只要在一年內拿其中四堂課就可以了 (我對#1, 2, 4, 5, 6 比較有興趣). 我今天去上了第一堂課, 下一篇就來分享一下今天所學的東西.
Courses may be taken in any order.
Course 1 (live lecture and LearnMyWay® only) – “Residential Property Management for the Real Estate Licensee”
This course will provide you with an understanding about the responsibilities, functions, and skills involved in property management. This course does not currently have continuing education (CE) credit.
- Course 2 (live lecture, LearnMyWay®, and OnDemand only) – “Professional Property Management, Single Family Homes and Two-to-Four Unit Residences”
This course will provide you with a thorough understanding of the single family rental housing market. Learn the fundamental requirements, responsibilities, procedures, and processes involved when establishing a successful property management business.
Course 3 (live lecture, LearnMyWay®, and online only) – “Larger Apartment Buildings and Commercial Properties” – This four (4) hour online course is designed to provide real estate professionals a comprehensive overview specific to large apartment and commercial buildings including all facilities and equipment, tenant profiles, agreements, improvements by tenants, specialty properties and policies. Review the many opportunities and challenges that come with managing commercial properties and larger apartment buildings.
Course 4 (live lecture, LearnMyWay® and online only) – “Trust Funds, Fair Housing, and Legal Aspects of Property Management” – This four (4) hour online course will provide real estate professionals with a thorough understanding about the federal and state laws regarding fair housing, delinquency resolution, trust fund handling and other legal issues property managers may experience. Explore the various laws that every property manager and real estate licensee must understand to protecting your life and your business.
Course 5 (live lecture and LearnMyWay® only) – “Working with Investors”
This course will provide you with a thorough understanding of the real estate investment property market from residential income to commercial properties. This course is Bureau of Real Estate (BRE) accredited for 4 hours of Continuing Education (CE) in Consumer Service, when course is taken live lecture or as LearnMyWay® webinar. CalBRE Sponsor No. 0001.
- Course 6 (live lecture and LearnMyWay® only) – “Vacation Rental Management”
This course is intended to provide you with a fundamental understanding of the legal issues, concepts, strategies, and contracts that are involved in vacation rental management.
Course 7 (live lecture and LearnMyWay® only) – “Selling Apartment Buildings – The Investment Analysis Process” This course will provide licensees with a thorough understanding of the process involved in the physical and financial evaluation of an income property, with the emphasis on apartment buildings.